Study on Students’ Sexual Attitudes and Views on Sexual Harassment

A large-scale questionnaire survey shed light on students’ knowledge and understanding of sexual harassment, its prevalence on campus, and preventative measures. In general, more female students and adults considered the sexual behaviors presented in the survey as sexual harassment compared to their male and teenage peers, respectively. Most sexual harassment is perpetrated by male acquaintances against females, and the majority of victims do not report the incidences for reasons including retaliation by peers and administrators and an often unequal power dynamic between the perpetrator and the victim. Furthermore, in deciding whether an action is sexual harassment, students are more concerned about the mentality and intention of the perpetrators. As a result, they tend to develop passive defense mechanisms and react by facing the incident and its psychological effects alone. Recommendations include training administrators to recognize and fairly address incidences, proper provision of psychological counseling, and strengthening sex and gender education in all levels of schooling.